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Letters from a Stoic by Lucius Annaeus Seneca, Richard Mott Gummere

By Lucius Annaeus Seneca, Richard Mott Gummere

A philosophy that observed self-possession because the key to an lifestyles lived 'in accordance with nature', Stoicism known as for the restraint of natural tendencies and the severing of emotional ties. those ideals have been formulated through the Athenian fans of Zeno within the fourth century BC, however it used to be in Seneca (c. four BC - advert sixty five) that the Stoics came upon their such a lot eloquent recommend. Stoicism, as expressed within the Letters, helped ease pagan Rome's transition to Christianity, for it upholds upright moral beliefs and extols virtuous residing, in addition to expressing disgust for the tough remedy of slaves and the inhumane slaughters witnessed within the Roman arenas. Seneca's significant contribution to a probably unsympathetic creed used to be to rework it right into a powerfully relocating and encouraging statement of the glory of the person brain.

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Marsillio Ficino: The Philebus Commentary (Medieval & by Michael J. B. Allen

By Michael J. B. Allen

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Plato's late ontology : a riddle resolved : with a new by Kenneth M. Sayre

By Kenneth M. Sayre

Sooner than the e-book of Plato's past due Ontology in 1983, there has been normal contract between Plato students that the theses attributed to Plato in ebook A of Aristotle's Metaphysics can't be present in the dialogues. Plato's overdue Ontology offered a textually established argument that during truth those theses seem either within the Philebus and within the moment a part of the Parmenides. The pivotal aspect of the argument is a few synonyms for the expressions utilized by Aristotle in reporting Plato's perspectives, present in the Greek commentators on Aristotle's writing throughout the third to the sixth Centuries A.D. those synonyms also are utilized by Plato himself in discussing the theses in query. This booklet is a reprint of Plato's past due Ontology besides a up to date article exhibiting subset of those theses is additionally present in the element of size showing in the midst of the Statesman. The argument to this impression is an extension of that during Plato's past due Ontology, yet is supported through a far multiplied record of synonyms from the Greek commentators. the looks of the theses in query within the Statesman augments the unique argument for his or her presence within the Parmenides and the Philebus

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The Dialectic of Essence: A Study of Plato's Metaphysics by Allan Silverman

By Allan Silverman

The Dialectic of Essence deals a scientific new account of Plato's metaphysics. Allan Silverman argues that how you can make experience of the metaphysics as a complete is to ascertain conscientiously what Plato says approximately ousia (essence) from the Meno in the course of the heart interval dialogues, the Phaedo and the Republic, and into a number of past due dialogues together with the Parmenides, the Sophist, the Philebus, and the Timaeus. This ebook specializes in 3 basic elements of the metaphysics: the speculation of types; the character of details; and Plato's knowing of the character of metaphysical inquiry.Silverman seeks to teach how Plato conceives of "Being" as a distinct manner during which an essence is said to a sort. Conversely, participating ("having") is the best way a fabric specific is expounded to its houses: details, hence, in a major experience lack essence. also, the writer heavily analyzes Plato's concept that the relation among kinds and details is mediated through form-copies. even if a few past due dialogues supply a richer account of details, Silverman keeps that details are nonetheless denied essence. certainly, with the Timaeus's advent of the receptacle, there aren't any details of the conventional sort. This ebook cogently demonstrates that once we remember the fact that Plato's crisis with essence lies on the root of his metaphysics, we're higher outfitted to discover our manner in the course of the labyrinth of his dialogues and to raised savor how they shape a coherent concept.

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The Philosophy of SOCRATES: A Collection of Critical Essays by Gregory, Comp. Vlastos

By Gregory, Comp. Vlastos

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The Atomists: Leucippus and Democritus: Fragments (Phoenix by C.C.W. Taylor

By C.C.W. Taylor

It will probably now not be an excessive amount of to assert that every one the paintings Western philosophers have performed over the last thousand years was once all started by means of the Pre-Socratics. The Phoenix Pre-Socratic sequence has been instrumental in getting better Pre-Socratic texts.As with past works during this very important sequence, this quantity goals to make an enormous element of Pre-Socratic writings obtainable to all these attracted to old philosophy and the 1st part of ecu typical technology. now we have, for the 1st time in English a translation of the majority of texts about the atomists, with commentary.The paintings encompasses a new presentation of the proof for the concept of Leucippus and Democritus, in response to the unique resources. It encompasses a Greek textual content of the fragments, in a brand new choice, with dealing with English translation. The testimonia (all newly translated) are provided in a brand new choice, designed to elucidate the constitution of the atomists concept and to offer their texts of their argumentative context so far as attainable. The notes and observation goal to mirror the complexity and variety in their idea, with specific emphasis on their metaphysical foundations, psychology, epistemology and ethics. Sections on biology, astronomy and theology also are integrated. whole indexes, concordances and bibliography are incorporated.

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Plato's Phaedrus: A Defense of a Philosophic Art of Writing by Ronna Burger

By Ronna Burger

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Plato and Sex by Stella Sandford

By Stella Sandford

What does the research of Plato’s dialogues let us know concerning the sleek which means of ‘sex’? How can fresh advancements within the philosophy of intercourse and gender support us learn those historical texts anew?

Plato and intercourse addresses those questions for the 1st time. each one bankruptcy demonstrates how the fashionable reception of Plato’s works Ð in either mainstream and feminist philosophy and psychoanalytical idea Ð has presupposed a ‘natural-biological’ perception of what intercourse may perhaps suggest. via a serious comparability among our present realizing of intercourse and Plato’s concept of genos, Plato and intercourse places this presupposition into query. With its groundbreaking interpretations of the Republic, the Symposium and the Timaeus, this booklet opens up a brand new method of intercourse as a philosophical concept.

Including severe readings of the theories of intercourse and sexuation in Freud and Lacan, and touching on such theories to Plato’s writings, Plato and Sex either questions our assumptions approximately intercourse and explains how these assumptions have colored our figuring out of Plato. What effects is not just an unique examining of a few of the main well-liked features of Plato’s philosophy, yet a brand new try and imagine throughout the that means of intercourse this day.

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The continuous and the discrete: Ancient physical theories by Michael J. White

By Michael J. White

This booklet provides a close research of 3 historic versions of spatial value, time, and native movement. The Aristotelian version is gifted as an program of the traditional, geometrically orthodox notion of extension to the actual global. the opposite versions, which symbolize departures from mathematical orthodoxy, are a "quantum" version of spatial significance, and a Stoic version, in line with which restrict entities akin to issues, edges, and surfaces don't exist in (physical) fact. The booklet is exclusive in its dialogue of those historical versions in the context of later philosophical, medical, and mathematical advancements.

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Philoponus: On Aristotle Physics 4.1-5 by John Philoponus

By John Philoponus

Aristotle's account of position, during which he outlined a thing's position because the internal floor of its nearest motionless box, used to be supported by way of the Latin center a long time, even 1600 years after his loss of life, although it had no longer confident many historic Greek philosophers. The 6th century commentator Philoponus took a extra common sense view. For him, position was once an motionless three-d extension, whose essence didn't hinder its being empty, no matter if for different purposes it had consistently to be choked with physique. in spite of the fact that, Philoponus reserved his personal definition for an excursus, already translated during this sequence, The Corollary on Place. within the textual content translated right here he sought after as an alternative to provide an explanation for Aristotle's view to uncomplicated scholars. the new conjecture that he wanted to draw younger fellow-Christians clear of the respectable pagan professor of philosophy in Alexandria has the advantage of explaining why he expounds Aristotle right here, instead of attacking him. yet he nonetheless places the scholars via their paces, for instance whilst discussing Aristotle's declare that position can't be a physique, or our bodies could coincide.

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