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Armed Violence Reduction: Enabling Development (Conflict by OECD Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Develop

By OECD Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Develop

Every year, 740 000 humans die because of armed violence. It more and more exploits a hyperlink among clash and crime and undermines our possibilities of achieving the Millennium improvement ambitions. This publication may help relief donors - either coverage advisors and programme employees - to rework solid phrases into solid programmes which could eventually aid decrease armed violence globally. desk of content material : government precis creation bankruptcy 1. what's Armed Violence? bankruptcy 2. Armed Violence developments and Programming Gaps bankruptcy three. Armed Violence relief (AVR) and Prevention and the Armed Violence Lens bankruptcy four. exams: employing the Armed Violence Lens bankruptcy five. Programming Implications and techniques Annex A. AVR and different OECD-DAC Priorities Annex B. Examples of local tools for AVR Annex C. extra Examples of oblique Programming Bibliography

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Extra info for Armed Violence Reduction: Enabling Development (Conflict and Fragility)

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12 In certain cases, unregulated small arms can serve as a major risk factor: they can act as a trigger, turning a non-violent situation into a lethal encounter. Small arms and light weapons (SALW) control therefore offers an important entry-point for donors, affected governments and civil society actors. 11 12 Civil conflicts can often reignite, and/or sustain high levels of armed violence linked to crime. A violent family history, including gender-based violence, is strongly correlated with higher incidences of individual violence.

Chronic levels of armed violence signal a fragile situation in which the state does not exercise a monopoly over the legitimate use of force in all its territory, or uses force excessively to quell dissent or crime (Annex A). In such contexts, many civilians may feel better represented, serviced or protected by armed groups than by the public authorities. They may also access better economic opportunities and security through participation in related illicit markets than in the formal economy (even if the local armed actors extract protection monies and engage in other predatory behaviours).

This risks exposing communities to extortion, corruption and penetration by organised crime. 3. Conflict prevention under-funded in Haiti In 2002, the Organisation of American States (OAS) mission in Haiti was supporting a broad range of preventive programming in security, human rights, justice, reintegration and good governance. It asked for USD 15 million for two years; it received just USD 5 million. When the country was crippled by a small insurrection in 2004 that led to the departure of President Jean-Bertrand Aristide, the UN mission that followed cost upwards of USD 400 million, with some USD 1 billion pledged for development programming by over a dozen donors.

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