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Aristotle’s Theory of Material Substance. Heat and Pneuma, by Gad Freudenthal

By Gad Freudenthal

This booklet bargains an unique new account of 1 of Aristotle's principal doctrines. Freudenthal He recreates from Aristotle's writings a extra entire concept of fabric substance which can clarify the not easy parts of ways topic organizes itself and the endurance of subject, to teach that the hitherto missed notion of important warmth is as relevant in explaining fabric substance as soul or form.

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Extra resources for Aristotle’s Theory of Material Substance. Heat and Pneuma, Form and Soul

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To be sure, man's intellectual capacities by virtue of which he is divine and his upright position are concomitant anyway: both are consequences of man's uniquely great vital heat. But in both quoted passages Aristotle seems to insinuate that the relationship between upright position and divinity has more to it than mere concomitance: he seems to suggest that man's divinity is not a consequence of his intellectual capacities alone, but has in the sense that 'elle definit l'homme par sa conformite maximale au cosmos' (p.

1. 5, 1254b25 ff. ' Indeed, slaves are on a par With arumals m that they have 'no deliberative faculty at all' (Pol. 1. ). Most unfortunately, 'the opposite often happens-that some h~ve ~he souls and others have the bodies of freemen'. This is a pity, for otherwise It would have been possible to measure the relative value of men's souls with a protractor. 105 Cf. Brague, Aristote, 256-61. 106 Cf. ibid. , 256 ff. \07 Ibid. 261-6. 1), It follows that the vital heat of an animal also determines the heatabi/ity of its parts-Leo their proneness to change momentarily their hotness or coldness.

5, 681'12-28; Happ, 'Die Scala natllrae', 234; During, Ari:>/oteies, 529. , 147 H. and Brague, Aristote, 242-71. 125 Dierauer, Tier fwd Mensch, 149-50. Cf. ; During, Aristaldes, 579 ff. Vital Heat: Persistence and Soul-Functions Vital Heat: Persistence and Soul-Functions begins just where biology ends. In so far as man has a unique capacity of thought, this is due to the no us which comes from without and which alone is divine (GA 2. ), immortal and eternal (DA 1. ; 3. ), and separable from the body (DA 2.

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