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An Essay on the Principle of Population (Oxford World's by Thomas Malthus

By Thomas Malthus

Malthus's Essay appears to be like on the perennial tendency of people to outstrip their assets: copy consistently exceeds nutrients creation. this present day Malthus continues to be a byword for quandary approximately man's demographic and ecological customers.

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This served to minimize the type of political disorder and loss of life that had characterized the early years of colonial rule in Spanish America. 8 This concentration of administration in Manila was to remain a feature of Spanish colonial government in the islands,9 as was the degree of autonomy with which it was conducted due to its distance from the Viceroyalty of New Spain and Spain itself. 10 Since the Spanish bureaucracy remained skeletal, the administration of the islands depended to a large extent on the cooption of elites.

Laura Lee Junker has suggested that at the same time there was an increase in raiding within the Philippines due to expanding opportunities for external trade, especially with China. 71 The extent to which Moro groups were involved in slave raiding in pre-Spanish times is not clear. 72 Whether or not this was the case, in pre-Spanish times rivalries do not appear to have been polarized between Muslims groups and others, and most scholars agree that the frequency of slave raids increased in the colonial period, and particularly from the second half of the eighteenth century.

Both groups considered themselves to be defenders rather than aggressors: the Spanish as defenders of their subjects in the Visayas who were prey to Moro raids; the Moros as defenders of their peoples from Spanish incursions and retaliatory expeditions. 65 However, in 1568 he permitted Muslims to be enslaved if they actively continued to spread the Islamic faith or to make war on Spaniards or their subjects. 69 It was clear that Spain lacked the resources to conduct major campaigns and subsequently retain control of any conquered territories, and in addition the islands occupied by Moros appeared to offer limited opportunities for trade compared to China and Japan.

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