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American Catholics: A History of the Roman Catholic by James J. Hennesey

By James J. Hennesey

Written by way of one of many most excellent historians of yank Catholicism, this ebook offers a finished heritage of the Roman Catholic Church in the USA from colonial instances to the current. Hennesey examines, specifically, minority Catholics and advancements within the western a part of the us, a area frequently ignored in spiritual histories.

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The fur trade remained largely in British hands, and Revolutionary War veterans and other frontiersmen swarming over the mountains to take up new lands felt hemmed in. All this ended with the final defeat of the Indians. In the meantime, while French villages in Indiana and Illinois were being integrated into the new nation, the French at Detroit, who had been loyal to the crown during the Revolution, continued for thirteen years under British rule. French secular priests replaced the Franciscans in 1782.

But then Europe's wars overflowed again into America. Spain was dissatisfied with terms of the 1713 Treaty of Utrecht and in 1717 resumed war against Hapsburg Emperor Charles VI. Britain and France supported the emperor and echoes were felt in the Adaes country when in 1719 French troops fell on the nearby Spanish garrison and destroyed the presidio and mission. Spanish forces in east Texas beat a general retreat to San Antonio, but they were back by 1721 and the mission continued for another fifty years until it was abandoned in 1773, ten years after the Spanish takeover of Louisiana.

They then pushed on into the territory of the Adaes Indians in the northwestern part of modern Louisiana, where Fray Antonio Margil de Jesus established the mission of San Miguel de Linares near presentday Robeline, and some twenty miles from the French outpost at Natchitoches. Margil served as chaplain to both Spanish and French soldiers. But then Europe's wars overflowed again into America. Spain was dissatisfied with terms of the 1713 Treaty of Utrecht and in 1717 resumed war against Hapsburg Emperor Charles VI.

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