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Air Pollution Modeling and Its Application V by Joseph M. Alcamo (auth.), C. De Wispelaere, Francis A.

By Joseph M. Alcamo (auth.), C. De Wispelaere, Francis A. Schiermeier, Noor V. Gillani (eds.)

In 1969 the North Atlantic Treaty association (NATO) confirmed the Committee on demanding situations of recent Society (CCMS). the topic of pollution used to be from the beginning one of many precedence difficulties below research in the framework of assorted pilot reviews undertaken through this Committee. The association of a each year convention facing pollution modeling and its software has develop into one of many major actions in the pilot research in relation to pollution. The overseas convention was once geared up for the 1st 5 years through the USA and for the second one 5 years by means of the Federal Republic of Germany. Belgium, represented by way of the major Minister's workplace for technology coverage, grew to become in charge in 1980 for organizing the 3rd 5 years of the once a year convention. This quantity includes the papers provided on the fifteenth NATO/CCMS overseas Technical assembly (ITM) on pollution Modeling and Its program, held in St. Louis, Missouri, from the fifteenth to nineteenth April 1985. This ITM used to be together equipped through the leading Minister's place of work for technological know-how coverage, Belgium (Pilot Country); via the Environmental safeguard organisation, Atmospheric Sciences study Laboratory, usa (Host Country); and through Washington collage, Mechanical Engineering division (Host Organization).

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4 billion/yr. These curves illustrate most of the features of this study discussed above. The rapidly increasing marginal cost of control imparts a much steeper feature to the cost curves than to the emission reduction curves. The end points of these curves represent all reasonable reductions in S02 emissions from coal-fired power plants. At these end points, the width of the range is approximately 3 kg/ha-yr, representing an estimate of the maximum absolute differences in wet deposition to be expected by designing cost-effective control strategies according to different climatological data.

Litzau, "Acid Rain: Ionic Correlations in the Eastern United States," Science, 225, 407 (1984). 43 DISCUSSION M. SCHATZMANN In your cost analysis in case of scrubber instalment did you assume reheat or heat exchange for the exhaust gas ? D. STREETS Yes. For powerplants that must install flue gas desulfurization equipment to reduce emissions, an energy (and cost) penalty is applied to correspond to reheat of the flue gas. K. SCHAEDLICH Do you consider the variability in utility emissions over a season ?

In this case, it is straightforward to examine the interannual deposition variation at a particular receptor location that would accompany a fixed pattern of emission reductions. Consider, however, a strategy optimized to achieve a particular deposition goal at a particular receptor location. In this case, sites for emission reductions are chosen to take advantage of a set of precipitation and wind conditions and to maximize the deposition reduction achieved per unit emission reduction or per unit control cost.

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