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Action Theory: Proceedings of the Winnipeg Conference on by Myles Brand, Douglas Walton

By Myles Brand, Douglas Walton

Lawsuits of the Winnipeg convention on Human motion, held at Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada, Sept. 11 could 1975

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Additional resources for Action Theory: Proceedings of the Winnipeg Conference on Human Action, Held at Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada, 9–11 May 1975

Example text

Such innovations, new forms of life, will usually involve a plurality of complementary roles, but these will multiply action possibilities without dividing what was already going on. For such roles, teaching and training will be not merely helpful but essential, since what we must learn is what we are doing, not just how to do it. The difference between learning how to walk and learning how to pray is that for the former we may use help, but for the latter we need initiation. Once there are these roles into which new role players must be initiated, they will affect the roles resulting from division of labor.

Suppose that Jones believes that he himself is VOLITIONS RE-AFFIRMED 53 wise. Then the content of his state of belief is the proposition' I am wise [Jones] where the bracketed 'Jones' serves as an index which informs us that the English sentence used to formulate this content is construed as one which would appropriately express Jones' belief state, if he belonged to the English speaking community. I put the bracketed 'Jones' outside the quotes, because, as Castaneda has pointed out, Jones may not believe that he himself is Jones, which "1 (Jones) am wise" would imply.

Lewis has analyzed in detail one form of self-consciously co-ordinated action in Convention. More recent work has been done by R. X. Ware, on 'The Mental Life of Groups'2 and Gerald Massey has explored the logical behavior of sentences with conjunctive subjects. 3 Massey concentrates on sentences such as 'Tom, Dick and Harry are shipmates' and 'Tom, Dick and Harry moved the piano', which he thinks predicate logic ill-equipped to handle. Adapting the formal tools of Leonard and Goodman, he treats these conjunctive subjects as sum individuals and calls predicates multigrade at an argument place which admits of terms denoting sum individuals.

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