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A History of the University in Europe: Volume 3, by Walter Rüegg

By Walter Rüegg

Through targeting the liberty of medical study, instructing and learn, the medieval collage constitution was once modernized and enabled discoveries to develop into a qualified, bureaucratically-regulated task of the college. This opened the best way for the effective march of the normal sciences, and ended in pupil movements--resulting within the college being eventually solid within the position of a castle of political fight in a world-wide struggle for freedom. additionally to be had: quantity 1: Universities within the center a long time 0-521-36105-2 Hardback $140.00 C quantity 2: Universities in Early smooth Europe (1500-1800) 0-521-36106-0 Hardback $130.00 C

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Additional resources for A History of the University in Europe: Volume 3, Universities the Nineteenth and Early Twentieth Centuries (1800-1945) (A History of the University in Europe)

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In the same way, young French people, as well as Americans later on, trained at German universities in the new scientific methods. From the end of the nineteenth century, the German model represented the modern university not only in Europe, but also in the United States and Japan. secularization, bureaucratization, specialization This could not have occurred without the secularization and bureaucratization of nation states. The charts in the second volume of our ‘History of the University in Europe’, which stops at the end of the eighteenth century, distinguish between Catholic and Protestant universities.

39 This letter is interesting for the self-confidence with which the young professor presented himself to his superior – an attitude that would later ¨ prove to be justified, since, thanks to Muller, Berlin became a European centre for comparative anatomy. Even more interesting is his repeated reference to the importance of a great university institute for the ‘spirit’ in which medical problems could be systematically and collectively investigated in connection with the natural sciences. To obtain funds for such an institute it was necessary to gain the support of the authorities in Berlin – the King, his Ministers, and his private councillors, among whom was Alexander von Humboldt, who had moved back to Berlin from Paris in 1827.

W. B. Brockliss, ‘The European University 1789–1850’, in University of Oxford, VI, Part 1, 131–3. ‘Ces cochonneries, cette invention des Germains’, see W. ), Romanistik, Eine ¨ Bonner Erfindung (Bonn, 1994), 1012. Cf. chapter 10, 416, and W. Ruegg, ‘Humboldt in Frankreich’, in R. C. ), Humboldt International. Der Export des deutschen ¨ ¨ ¨ Universitatsmodells im 19. und 20. Jahrhundert, Veroffentlichungen der Gesellschaft fur ¨ und Wissenschaftsgeschichte 3 (Basle, 2001), 247–61. Universitats- 12 Themes des Hautes Etudes to allow interested students to become familiar with scientific research as they could in Germany in university seminars and laboratories.

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