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A Conceptual History of Psychology by John Greenwood

By John Greenwood

A Conceptual heritage of Psychology is a huge ancient survey that strains conceptual continuities and discontinuities within the heritage of mental suggestion. the writer connects the background of mental conception with the improvement of the background of technological know-how, from the proto-scientific psychology of the seventeenth and 18th centuries to the institutionalized clinical psychology of the overdue nineteenth century to the current day. The lucid writing type and transparent association mirror the author's fifteen years' event instructing the path.

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When phrenologists discovered that Descartes’ skull was indented in the area of the brain where the rational faculty was supposed to be located, phrenologists concluded that Descartes could not have been as great a thinker as was commonly supposed (Young, 1990, p. 43). While these three conditions seem clearly necessary for any scientific discipline, it may be doubted whether they are sufficient. It may be argued that scientific explanations should also be quantitative: that they should describe mathematical relations between variables, such as Boyle’s law (at constant temperature the volume of a given mass of gas is inversely proportional to its pressure) or Fechner’s law (the intensity of a sensation is a logarithmic function of the intensity of the physical stimulus).

Meaning empiricism The doctrine that linguistic items derive their meaning by association with—or their definition in terms of—observable entities. method of agreement The methodological principle that if instances of an effect have only one condition in common, then that condition is the cause of the effect. method of concomitant variation The methodological principle that if one condition increases or decreases while an effect increases or decreases, that condition is the cause of the effect.

1859). On the origin of species by means of natural selection. London: John Murray. Doi, T. (1973). The anatomy of dependence. Tokyo: Kodansha International. , Riecken, H. , & Schachter, S. (1956). When prophecy fails. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press. Findley-Jones, R. (1986). Accidie and melancholia in a clinical context. In R. ), The social construction of emotions. Oxford: Blackwell. Freud, S. (1950). Project for a scientific psychology. In J. Strachey (Ed. ), The standard edition of the works of Sigmund Freud (Vol.

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